The answer to the question "Where are valves used?" is "Everywhere!" Valves are not confined to industries and manufacturing facilities. They are used in homes, gardens, commercial buildings, underground drainage and just about any place that requires the regulation of water, gas or any other liquid.
Valves are crucial. They cannot be avoided or replaced with any other device. Designed and engineered to start, stop, and throttle the safe flow of any type of media, they are used in a wide range of industries, from simple water distribution channels to advanced nuclear power reactors.
In this article, leading industrial valve manufacturers in India elaborate on the various industrial applications of valves and why they are widely prevalent in multiple industries.
Whether it is underwater or on land, the thousands of miles of pipelines carrying crude and refined oil and natural gases are controlled and regulated by dozens of large and small valves. Deeper well, longer pipelines and increased production volumes call for more sophisticated valves that can operate efficiently in extreme temperatures and harsh environments. Valves used in the oil and gas industry are expected to fulfil the following aspects:
* Ability to withstand extremely high temperatures.
* Ability to withstand pressure greater than 25,000 psi g.
*Ability to withstand lethal media such as hydrogen sulphide that is present in raw petroleum.
Also Read : What Do We Know About Industrial Valves?
Water pipelines are used to distribute fresh, potable water into homes, multi-storeyed buildings, industrial facilities, and commercial buildings. A separate set of pipelines are laid to take the wastewater out of buildings and into sewage channels. In water distribution, the pipelines mostly handle water that is at an ambient temperature and relatively low pressure. The most suitable type of valves for this application are:
The oil refineries and petrochemical industries are the sectors that make maximum use of industrial valves. Ball valves, check valves, and gate valves are crucial to regulating corrosive materials' flow, especially in refineries. These industrial valves are custom-made with extra thick walls to withstand high corrosiveness.
Although gate valves are the most preferred choice in refineries, quarter-turn valves, triple offset butterfly valves, and metal-seated ball valves are also used in great numbers. Along with gate valves, globe valves are also a preferred choice because of the economical pricing. Valves used in refineries are built to withstand high pressures and temperatures, specifically in the application that involve plain carbon steel, chromes, and alloys.
The food and beverage industry uses valves to regulate the flow of interesting and exotic media such as fruit juices, pulp, cake batter, liquid chocolate, jams, squashes, sauces, etc. There are two kinds of valves used in this industrial sector:
There are strict rules and regulations for valves that come in direct contact with food. As per the FDA regulations, the valves should not absorb or hold any food product passing through them. Additionally, there should not be any dead volume inside the valve and crevices that allow food to be trapped and decayed. It is imperative to choose the right type of valve to be used to regulate food processing, even though the process does not entail high pressure or corrosive materials.
Gate valves, Y-pattern globe valves, critical service ball valves, check and butterfly valves are widely used in power plants that generate electricity using fossil fuel and high-speed turbines. Metallurgy plays a critical role in the valves used specifically for supercritical and ultra-supercritical power applications.
Valves used for power applications need to withstand the various modulations, huge pressures, and high temperatures that are unpredictable and fluctuating. Besides their robust designs, valves are fitted with ancillary pipelines populated by various types, with each one serving a different purpose.
Oilway is India's top manufacturer and supplier of industrial valves. We manufacture all kinds of valves used across multiple industrial sectors. Our valves are strong, reliable, efficient, durable, and excellent in design and affordably priced. To place an order or request a quote, kindly call us @ +86-21-69891289.